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Glossary of Terms beginning with E


Earnest Money

A cash deposit made to a home seller to secure an offer to buy the property. This amount is often forfeited if the buyer decides to withdraw his offer.


The right of a non-owner of property to exert control over a portion or all of the property. For example, power companies often own an easement over residential properties for access to their power lines.


The part of the roof that extends beyond the exterior wall.

Economic Depreciation

The decline in property value caused by external forces, such as neighborhood blight or adverse development.

Economic Life

The amount of time that any income-producing property is able to provide benefits to its owner.

Effective Age

The subjective, estimated age of a property based on its condition, rather than the actual time since it was built. Excessive wear and tear can cause a property's effective age to be greater than its actual age.

Eminent Domain

The legal process whereby a government can take ownership of a piece of property in order to convert it to public use. Often, the property owner is paid fair-market value for the property.


A building or other improvement on one property that invades another property or restricts its usage.


A claim against a property. Examples are mortgages, liens and easements.

Energy Efficiency Ratio

An efficiency rating system for air conditioning units that corresponds to the number of BTU's output per watt of electricity used.

Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA)

U.S. federal law requiring that lenders afford people equal chance of getting credit without discrimination based on race, religion, age, sex etc.


The difference between the fair market value of a property and that amount an owner owes on any mortgages or loans secured by the property.

Equity Buildup

The natural increase in the amount of equity an owner has in a property, accumulated through market appreciation and debt repayment.

Errors and Omissions Insurance

An insurance policy taken out by appraisers to cover their liability for any mistakes made during the appraisal process.


An amount retained by a third party in a trust to meet a future obligation. Often used in the payment of annual taxes or insurance for real property.

Escrow Account

An account setup by a mortgage servicing company to hold funds with which to pay expenses such as homeowners insurance and property taxes. An extra amount is paid with regular principal and interest payments that go into the escrow account each month.

Escrow Analysis

An analysis performed by the lender usually once each year to see that the amount of money going into the escrow account each month is correct for the forecasted expenses.

Escrow Disbursements

The payout of funds from an escrow account to pay property expenses such as taxes and insurance.


The total of all property and assets owned by an individual.

Examination of Title

The report on the title of a property from the public records or an abstract of the title.

Exclusive Listing

An agreement between the owner of a property and a real estate agent giving the agent exclusive right to sell the property.


The person named in a will to administer the estate.

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